d. Neurofeedback


Rest, relax or do your home work: neurofeedback training can be fun

And dogs love it too!!    For serious information read below:



Neurofeedback  Training

Neurofeedback came into public awareness in the 1970’s as a method to reduce symptoms of ADD and ADHD. The field of neurofeedback began as a diagnostic model TREATING the patient for various symptoms based on well researched norms. The discovery that neurofeedback allows people to obtain different EEG states soon gave birth to a professional field. In 2012 The American Academy of Pediatrics endorsed neurofeedback as a Level One treatment for ADHD, ADD, and behavioral problems. Initially, feedback was used to inhibit and reinforce certain brain wave states, thereby reducing symptoms. People could learn to decrease theta, increase alpha, and moderate different patterns in beta.

In the 1980’s, Val Brown, Ph. D., found a more effective and efficient way to TRAIN the brain with NeurOptimal (Zengar.com).  This is a method of training the brain to allow changes through slight interruptions of prevailing brain wave patterns. Whenever the brain drifts into more anxious states, the autonomic nervous system notices the disturbance, comes into the “now”, sees no threat and then relaxes and seeks comfort. There is no diagnosis or treatment.   Discriminating between real and imagined threat leads to the integration of the feeling and thinking systems. By simply disturbing chronic patterns the brain itself decides how to establish more comfortable EEG patterns. Over time the dominant brain wave patterns change.

As one decreases the perception of threat, the ability to perceive the world more accurately increases. Since there is no threat, one can become deeply relaxed and aware.  People can read, sleep or talk during the training.  Focusing become less stressful. One is more calmly focused and experiences greater resilience over time. This also enables individuals to be present in important relationships.

Training the electrical patterns of the brain occurs, no matter the issues one comes in with, or if one is seeking to enhance performance.  Changes reported include: greater focus, seeing the big picture, increased organizational skills, completing assignments, altering diets or increasing exercise programs, decreases in worried thoughts, more cooperative, more open relationships and far better sleep.

There is wide variation in how many sessions people do.  Some do ten sessions and see progress while others buy their own personal trainer and literally do hundreds of sessions. When training children it is important that other family members train too, as brain wave patterns between family members are linked. For many people TRAINING  promotes greater awareness, focus and resilience. The nominal cost is $200.00 per session for systems coaching plus neurofeedback. Parents are asked to come to bi-monthly sessions for coaching and neurofeedback. When children are being trained the charge for children is: $75.00. Please inquire about sliding scale and training bundles.

Please call Andrea Schara   – 203-274-1069

There are many books, web sites and articles about neurofeedback. The following is not a complete list but it offers a beginning.


In October 2012 the American Academy of Pediatrics report on Evidence-based Child and Adolescent Pyschosocial Interventions concluded that for the Attention and Hyperactivity behavioural problems.



1)    Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Developmental Trauma: Calming the Fear-Driven Brain, Sebern F. Fisher  2014.

  • The Open-Focus Brain: Harnessing the Power of Attention to Heal Mind and Body Les Fehmi, Jim Robbins
  • The Healing Power of Neurofeedback: The Revolutionary LENS Technique for Restoring Optimal Brain Function, Stephen Larsen
  • A Symphony in the Brain: The Evolution of the New by Jim Robbins
  • Biofeedback For The Brain: How Neurotherapy Effectively Treats Depression, ADHD, Autism, and More, Paul G. Swingle
  • Introduction to Quantitative EEG and Neurofeedback, Second Edition: Advanced Theory and Applications,Thomas H. Budzynski (Editor), Helen Kogan Budzynski (Editor), James R. Evans (Editor), Andrew Abarbanel (Editor)
  • Healing Young Brains: The Neurofeedback Solution, Robert W. Hill, Eduardo Castro
  • The Breakout Principle: how to Activate the Natural Trigger That Maximizes Creativity, Athletic Performance, Productivity and Personal Well- Being by Herbert Benson and William Proctor
  • ADD: The 20-Hour Solution by Mark Steinberg Siegfried Othmer
  • The Healing Power of Neurofeedback: The Revolutionary LENS Technique for Restoring Optimal Brain Function by Stephen Larsen
  • The Neuroscience of Psychotherapy: Building and Rebuilding the Human Brain by Louis Cozolino
  • Getting Rid of Ritalin: How Neurofeedback Can Successfully Treat Attention Deficit Disorder Without Drugs Robert W. Hill, Eduar Castro





Resources On the Web          www.Zengar.com

1.     Olympic Gold Medalist Kathy Kreiner-Phillips Joins NeuroNetwork …

– 3 visits – Apr 30

McGill University researchers find neurofeedback may give Canadian athletes an edge at the 2010 Olympics. RICHMOND, BRITISH COLUMBIA–(Marketwire – May 27, …
www.marketwire.com/…/Olympic-Gold-Medalist-Kathy-Kreiner-Phillips-Joins-NeuroNetwork-Team-Bring-Competitive-995327.htm – CachedSimilar

2.     Futurehealth – Quicklink: Olympic Gold Winner Says Neurofeedback

Feb 15, 2010… won the Men’s Mogul event in Vancouver with the help of neurofeedback. … Canada; Canada British Columbia; Neurofeedback; Olympics; …
www.futurehealth.org/…/Olympic-Gold-Winner-Says-N-in-Links-100215-487.html – Cached

3.     Futurehealth – Tweet: Canada’s freestyle ski team & women’s hockey …

Feb 19, 2010 … Canada’s freestyle ski team & women’s hockey team used neurofeedback in the Olympics-Get in the Zone w/ Neurofeedback: http://bit.ly/bljmUx Forums – Olympics Forum – Media Coverage of Biofeedback and …

Media Coverage of Biofeedback and Neurofeedback at 2010 Olympics.

4.     Thought Technology Biofeedback, Neurofeedback and Physiological …

May 10, 2010 … Thought Technology Biofeedback, Neurofeedback and Physiological Monitoring Biofeedback & Neurofeedback at the Vancouver Olympics 2010 …
www.facebook.com/…Neurofeedback-and…/200886091154 – CachedSimilar

5.     Neurofeedback and Biofeedback Questions and Answers | Windward …

It worked – they aced the Olympics. Neurofeedback helps athletes find and stay in the “zone” and avoid “choking” at crucial points in competition. …

6.     CNC Media – Biofeedback & Neurofeedback at the Vancouver Olympics

Canada\’s top secret initiative -OWN THE PODIUM – involved the use of the latest in high-tech training. The biggest secret was the use of Biofeedback and …
www.neuro-center.com/about/media.html?task=viewvideo…id… – Cached

7.     EEG Info The Complete Neurofeedback Resource – Chronic Pain

A Neurofeedback practitioner in Australia reports the following remarkable story: … and a few months back was encouraged to try out for “Special Olympics. …

8.     Sean Casey’s Neurofeedback Story | EEG INFO – Newsletter …

Dec 16, 2009 … At first Sean was put off by the whole idea of neurofeedback, … was knocked out of the Olympics for “beating the gun” twice in a row. …


Call Andrea for more information  – 203-274-1069


Peak Performance Through Alpha Training

Alpha training (increasing the strength of alpha waves through positive feedback) was often often done at the back of the brain. This training has been shown to enable greater integration of the brain, reducing pathology and increasing performance.

Early on in the work by Elmer Green at Menninger Institute, alpha and theta was seen as the state that long term mediators used to decrease pain and increase the ability to be in  a highly focused and relax state.

Alpha training impacts other brain wave states leading to peak performance states. Meditative states have been shown to enabled peak performance.

Biofeedback-assisted modulation of electrocortical activity has been established to have intrinsic clinical benefits and has been shown to improve cognitive performance in healthy humans.

In order to further investigate the pedagogic relevance of electroencephalograph (EEG) biofeedback (neurofeedback) for enhancing normal function, a series of investigations assessed the training’s impact on an ecologically valid real-life behavioural performance measure: music performance under stressful conditions in conservatoire students. In a pilot study, single-blind expert ratings documented improvements in musical performance in a student group that received training on attention and relaxation related neurofeedback protocols, and improvements were highly correlated with learning to progressively raise theta (5–8 Hz) over alpha (8–11 Hz) band amplitudes.

These findings were replicated in a second experiment where an alpha/theta training group displayed significant performance enhancement not found with other neurofeedback training protocols or in alternative interventions, including the widely applied Alexander technique.http://journals.lww.com/neuroreport/Abstract/2003/07010/Ecological_validity_of_neurofeedback___modulation.6.aspx

Alpha brain-wave neurofeedback training reduces psychopathology in a cohort of male and female Canadian aboriginals. Hardt JV1.

Author information



The study was conducted to determine if alpha brain-wave neurofeedback training can have positive psychological results by reducing anxiety and other psychopathology.


The cohort participated in alpha brain-wave neurofeedback training for 76 minutes (day 1) to 120 or more minutes (days 5-7) daily for 7 days. Electroencephalogram (EEG) electrodes were attached to the head with conductive gel according to the 10-20 International Electrode Placement System. During training, participants were seated in a comfortable armchair within a soundproof and lightproof room. Brain-wave signals were amplified for processing by analog-to-digital converters and polygraphs, then filtered to the pure delta, theta, alpha, beta, and gamma bands as well as subbands of these bands of the EEG. For 2-minute epochs, trainees sat with their eyes closed in the dark listening to their feedback tones as the filtered alpha brain-wave EEG signals controlled the loudness of the tones. Then a “ding” sounded and the tones stopped. For 8 seconds, a monitor lit up with dimly illuminated, static numbers, indicating the strength of their alpha brain waves, after which the feedback tones resumed and the process was repeated.


40 adult volunteers were recruited from the aboriginal population (First Nations, Métis, and Inuit) of Canada. The cohort ranged in age from 25 to 60 years and included males and females.


The study was conducted at Biocybernaut Institute of Canada in Victoria, British Columbia.


Data was obtained to determine the effectiveness of this training by giving four psychological tests (Minnesota Multi-Phasic Personality Inventory, and the trait forms of the Multiple Affect Adjective Check List, Clyde Mood Scale, and Profile of Mood States) on the first day prior to commencing training and on the seventh day upon completion of the training. EEG data was also compiled throughout the training and analyzed as a factor of the training process.


Postintervention data showed positive results with reduction of psychopathology when compared to the data from testing prior to the training. Analysis of this data showed improvement in several areas of psychopathology.


Alpha brain-wave neurofeedback training daily for 7 days does have positive psychological results in adult male and female Canadian aboriginals as measured by data from four psychological tests on the participants.

What happens to performance when the brain is not integrated?

The following is an interesting piece about what happens when the two hemispheres are separate during a stroke.

(video available too)Tim Tayag on Jill Bolte Taylor’s My stroke of Insight.

Jill notes that people have the ability to  choose between the right brain states, where you could be connected to the universe and not know where you begin, and the left brain states, where you would become an individual separate from everyone else. Her impression was that when the brain is not integrated these two way of seeing the world are separate but the possibility remains they can be re-integrated.   — Think of the way electrons behave.

An electron could be a wave or cloud or it could be a particle. When an electron is not being observed, it does not occupy a specific space, it is just a cloud of possibilities. But as soon as it is observed, it takes on a specific position in space.  So too the brain, To move towards greater integration of the left and right side of the brain we will find ourselves altering our habits of thinking and acting and this can be aided by training the brain towards more integrated states.

Motivated or high functioning people are also different as to his/her social systems and families.  At one extreme you have athletes who seem to come from nowhere.  They are orphaned or grow up in dire circumstances, but they have a gift. (See The Blind Sided https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Blind_Side:_Evolution_of_a_Game Lewis follows Michael Oher from his impoverished upbringing through his years at Briarcrest Christian School, his adoption by Sean (Michael Lewis’s former schoolmate) and Leigh Anne Tuohy and on to his position as one of the most highly coveted prospects in college football.)

At the other end of the spectrum there are athletes like Tiger Woods whose father raised him to be a great golfer Earl Woods is known to have taught Tiger golfing at a very young age, before he even began walking.

The common theme is gifts plus striving create great performance.  Neurofeedback training enhances performance goals by allowing the brain to function at its best.  

Training re-tunes the mind by calming the body and allowing the mind to be free.

One’s mind is creating neural pathways by simple repeated thoughts and/or actions.

Where are your thoughts leading you? How disciplined are any of us about where our minds or bodies are pointing?

WWW.GOALS@NAP can be a meme that serves as a reminder to keep positive energy surroundings one’s goals.  The formula signifies the importance of wide-awake, willfully, wanting (goals), while remembering the importance of a neutral attitude that is persistent.

Wanting one’s goals while keeping a positive attitude about trying and sometimes failing is hard to live. Reflections and neutrality help one to mentally practice for the future.   Those who are persistent know about the long wait.  They are willing to thoughtfully experiment, which can often achieve results.

Stating your goals while giving up on having to achieve them is a paradox.  But it does allow one to see the content of the mind’s neediness and demands and anger as just mental movies. Pressure is not useful in performance. Neutrality melts pressure.  Trial and error learning increases the ability to perform well above expectations.

In fact being able to be vulnerable and make mistakes by trying may be one of the hallmarks for later success in life. This is due to our species’ history of surveying undercharging conditions. There has to be failure. Again, no big deal, our brains are designed for survival. Survivors are good at guessing in an uncertain world. Withstand the winds of praise and blame in evaluating performance.

The ability to manage self in relationships is crucial to performance.

Therefore the ability to continually separate out a more mature self from a relationships’ feedback is an ongoing challenge. There are at least four steps involved in the process of separating out a more distinct and hopefully more mature self. If people can be clear about these four steps there is more reason to believe that the chances for success have increased exponentially. Preparing the brain for action involves integrating old feelings of hesitation or fear and memories of past failures into the new plans that one wishes to achieve. The more one prepares the better the brain is prepared to change. Preparation is about the same thing as doing as far as the firing of brain cells is concerned.


Thoughts influence you at a neuronal level.

  1. Goals and Costs:Be clear within oneself about what one wants to accomplish. To be clear it is often helpful to outline the cost and benefits of the actions. Changes cost people. It is good to try and predict how it will cost you or your loved ones. You might not be right but guessing prepares you for uncertainty.
  2. The Action Step:One has to communicate these written down goals to the larger system by an action. Talk is not enough and can be counter productive. It is best to keep important ideas to yourself until you are prepared to act. If you do need feedback then you are probably just at an earlier stage of preparation. The main idea is the actions must be taken for you to benefit or do something for or to others.
  3. Recognize the System:People are reacting to one another constantly.  Non verbal monitoring is ongoing when people are bound together. It can be family ties, work issues or social causes but we need one another so there will always be reactivity.  Reactivity simply shows up.  When one changes the others notice and will react in some negative way.  This is the signal that acknowledges that the system has changed. It has to happen. The degree of reactivity tells you what type of system you are dealing with. If it is a highly over involved system and people are very dependent on one another for agreement then the negative reactions may be huge to any small change.
  4. The System Reorganizes:If the one who sets a goal is willing to wait out the reactivity without falling into a counter reaction, then real changes might work their way through the system. Perhaps a good metaphor would be of an orchestra in which a new instrument is integrated into the group. Everyone shifts just slightly to make way. If the new instrument has a lead part then this may put more stress on the others to harmonize. In fact it may take longer for each person to tune up before the whole group can again play in some degree of harmony.